Creative Discussion using Plain Pair Groups
Creative Discussion – a key to insight and change
Plain Pair Group Teaching (Plain PGT)
- for universities and schools
Plain Pair Group Discussion (Plain PGD)
- for decision making and staff development
- for informal or community creative discussion
A flash of insight is the spark of cosmic intelligence.
Résumé – William Plain
2011 Emeritus Professor, Nagoya University of Foreign Studies
1998-2011 Nagoya University of Foreign Studies, professor, Educational Linguistics
1993–98 University of Tsukuba, Japan, professor, Educational Linguistics
1990-93 Niigata University, Japan, professor, ELT
1986-90 University of Torino, Italy, lecturer
1989 Teacher Trainers course at Pilgrims English Language Courses, University of Canterbury (Great Britain)
1987-89 MA TEFL from the University of Reading (thesis: 'Awareness Training in the MA TEFL classroom')
1988 University of Reading, Great Britain, teaching on EAP summer course
1985-88 Bank of San Paolo, Torino, Italy, teacher
1980-85 Independent Teaching Service, Geneva, director
1980 Development studies course at the Institut Universitaire des études de développement, University of Geneva (Switzerland)
1978-80 Certificat en français moderne, University of Lausanne (Switzerland)
1978-80 Cours Commerciaux de Genève, Switzerland, teacher
1976-78 University of Minho, Braga, Portugal, lecturer
1977 TEFL course by Pilgrims English Language Courses, University of Canterbury (Great Britain)
1975-78 British Institute, Guimarães, Portugal, teacher-in-charge
1974-75 British Institute, Bologna, Italy, teacher
1972-75 Diplomas (4) in areas of natural medicine from British colleges
1971-73 Export consultancy concerned with SE Asian - Australian trade
1969-70 Australian Department of Trade and Industry, export research
1965-69 BA (major in English Language and Political Science), University of Sydney (Australia)
Pair Group Teaching for communication and autonomy, JACET conference 1993
research into classroom methodology based on permanent groups
Teaching the Awareness Dimension, JACET conference 1994
methods for developing awareness in the student and in the teacher.
Co-operative Counselling for Teacher Development, JALT conference 1995
reflective method for improving teaching skills by university teachers
Pair Group Teaching, JALT Teacher Education, 1996
an awareness method for teaching large classes in Japan
Awareness, Paradigms and Pair Group Teaching, JALT Teacher Education, 1996
a holistic method for consciousness raising and choice of content
Group Formation in the Communicative Language Class, Japanese Teachers’ Symposium, Foreign Language Centre, University of Tsukuba, 1997
creating group cohesion for enhanced communication
Process Thinking through Paradigms and Pair Group Teaching, Foreign Language Center (University of Tsukuba)/JALT, 1997
creativity in teacher developed content classes
The Hidden Curriculum, University of Adelaide, Centre for European Studies and General Linguistics and the Centre for Asian Studies, staff seminar, 1999
Plain Pair Group Teaching methodology and ‘hidden curriculum’ in classroom management
ELT and Global Responsibility, National University of Singapore, Centre for English Language Communication, staff seminar, 2003
the role of teaching methodology and learning theory in causing/resolving global problems of power and individual responsibility
Creative Discussion in Learning and Surviving, Japanese Studies Association of Australia Conference, 2005
A system of creative discussion for education, organisations and private use, responding to a need for ‘mental proprioception’ in human evolution
The Role of Education for a Global Species, University of Adelaide, Centre for Asian Studies, staff seminar, 2006
Student centred teaching in universities to facilitate creativity and deep learning
Content-based Language Learning, University of Adelaide, Department of Linguistics, post-graduate seminar, 2006
The use of appropriate content to develop communicative competence and critical awareness
‘Intelligence and communication, Plain Pair Group Teaching’, teaching demonstration, Ogaki Technical High School, 2006
Small group discussion for students, teaching demonstration for teachers
‘Teacher as educational theorist’, National Taichung University, Taiwan, seminar, 2006
How we teach is as important as what we teach: promoting ‘natural learning’
‘Evaluation and responsibility in the student-centred classroom’, National Taiwan Normal University, seminar, 2006
How to give a student a grade which does not interfere with learning
‘Language Education, Creativity or Conditioning’, National Chengchi University, Taiwan, seminar, 2006
The main challenge to university teaching is the development of creativity
‘Peace and Proprioception, peace as a global language’, Peace Conference at Kyoto University of Foreign Studies, 2007
Insight as the key to an evolution in social and organisational dynamics
1994-97, Japanese Ministry of Education Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research, individual project, ‘Adapting Traditional Language Teaching Methods for a New Communicative Curriculum in Japanese Universities’.
1995-97, Japanese Ministry of Education B2 Kakenhi fund, senior member of University of Tsukuba 3 year group project, ‘Developing Integrated English Language Education’.
1999-2002, Japanese Ministry of Education Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research, individual project, ‘A New Theory of Language Learning to Encourage the Adoption of a Communicative Curriculum in Japanese Universities’.
1. Awareness Training in Learning and Teaching
the role of awareness and paradigms in learning theory and an analysis of awareness training methods in the post-graduate university classroom - research based on interviews with university lecturers and teacher trainers
1991, Edizioni il Capitello, Torino, xiii plus 189 pp.
2. Teaching Abroad: an adventure in culture and curriculum
a look at aid projects in EFL with particular emphasis on autonomy and its implications for curriculum development
1991, Edizioni il Capitello, Torino, xi plus 52 pp.
3. Adapting Traditional Language Teaching Methods for a New Communicative Curriculum in Japanese Universities
the practice and theory of a new language teaching method developed by the author, called “Plain Pair Group Teaching”
1998, Japanese Ministry of Education Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research, Project number: 11680285, individual project report, 89 pp.
4. A New Theory of Language Learning to Encourage the Adoption of a Communicative Curriculum in Japanese Universities — Silence in the Classroom
a theory of learning based on the ‘participation paradigm’ and a new understanding of first language learning as a basis for the “Plain Pair Group Teaching” method
2003, (research project 1999-2003) Japanese Ministry of Education Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research, Project number: 07680252, individual project report, 155 pp.
1. ‘Pair Group Learning’
using supportive groups as an approach to large class teaching in Japanese universities
1993 Niigata University Kyoyobu Journal, Vol. 24, pp. 57-70.
2. ‘The Management of Silence: awareness in taught language learning’
‘taught learning’ as opposed to ‘natural learning’ and use of awareness as a means to teacher development
1995, Studies in Languages and Cultures (University of Tsukuba), Vol. 41 pp. 81-97.
3. ‘Learning through Silence: awareness in natural language learning’
language acquisition in L1 or later language learning offers insights into the learning process
1995, Studies in Languages and Cultures (University of Tsukuba), Vol. 40 pp. 177-194.
4. ‘Paradigms, Groups and Power: the practice of Pair Group Teaching’
looking at the role of power in the classroom as a means of understanding the importance of awareness and learning through freedom
1997, Studies in Languages and Cultures (University of Tsukuba), Vol. 45 pp. 75-89.
5, ‘Content in University Language Classes: future directions in language learning
teaching English through content based materials
1997, Foreign Language Center Journal (University of Tsukuba), 6pp.
6. ‘A Teaching Method for “Content” Classes: Pair Group Teaching’, IN University-based Perspectives on English Curriculum Development
a practical outline of ‘Pair Group Teaching’
1998, Japanese Ministry of Education Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research, group project report (Foreign Language Center, University of Tsukuba), pp. 19-27.
7, ‘Visiting a ‘Plain Pair Group Teaching’ classroom
use of ‘insight group’ and ‘plain pair group’ in the student-centred classroom
2005, web site www.creativediscussion.org, c. 5pp.
8. ‘The Awakeness Paradigm’
the role of creative social dialogue in correcting dysfunctional perceptions
2006, c 12 pp.
9. ‘Active Education: a report on Campus Creative Discussion at Nagoya University of Foreign Studies’
2007, web site www.creativediscussion.org, c. 12 pp.
student perceptions of weekly small group academic discussion meetings outside of class
10. ‘Insight to Earthsight’
2008, web site www.creativediscussion.org, c. 6 pp.
the evolutionary dynamics of change: from the individual to the planetary
11. ‘Bringing Wisdom into Planetary Leadership: creativity in collective deliberation’
2009, web site www.creativediscussion.org, c. 5 pp.
a decision-making process which facilitates individual creativity
12.‘Creativity in the Organisation: a new paradigm for corporate creativity’
2009, web site www.creativediscussion.org, c. 5 pp.
multiple individual creativity as the basis of organisational intelligence
13. ‘NUFS Creative Campus’
2010, web site www.creativediscussion.org, c. 18 pp.
a detailed guide to university-wide transformation of teaching, campus learning, teacher development and university management
14. ‘Teaching and Testing, the Terrible Twins’
2011, web site www.creativediscussion.org, c. 5 pp.
quantity as a measure of improvement, avoiding conditioning in education
1. ‘A Glimpse inside the Teacher Development Classroom’
analysis of a training session and discussion of principles guiding choice of methods
1988, University of Torino, 8pp.
2. ‘“Put him in the Sac”: setting up a self-access centre in a major Italian bank’
implications of autonomous learning for teaching methodology and theory of management
1988, Istituto Bancario San Paolo di Torino, 10pp.
3. ‘An ABC of PGT’
detailed guidelines for Plain Pair Group Teaching in the university classroom
2005, web site www.creativediscussion.org, c. 6 pp.
4. ‘Creative Discussion Groups’
principles and rules for creative discussion: academic, professional, corporate
2006, web site www.creativediscussion.org, c. 6 pp.
5. ‘Campus Creative Discussion, Plain Pair Groups’
invitation to creative discussion on the university campus
2007, web site www.creativediscussion.org, c. 2 pp.
6. ‘Toyota Solar Today: collective corporate responsibility and awareness raising’
a possible example of corporate creativity: an open letter
2008, web site www.creativediscussion.org, c. 2 pp.
7. ‘Creative Potential: accessing the creative potential of each member of an organisation’
corporate awareness raising and the ‘insight network’
2009, web site www.creativediscussion.org, c. 2 pp.
8. 'The Key to Creativity is Insight'
Practical exercises: awareness of insight leads to creativity
2010, web site www.creativediscussion.org, c. 2 pp.
9. ‘Power enabling Profit at the expense of the People ('PePeP')'
the role of administration in assuring that decisions are made in the interests of power
2012, web site www.creativediscussion.org, c. 2 pp.
10. 'Discuss Avaaz & Discuss GetUp: support your community, your country, your planet'
individual potential for producing change through Creative Discussion
2013, campaign on Avaaz and GetUp web sites, c. 2 pp.
11. 'The Perfect People Planet'
change can be easy, even pleasant and ultimately profitable
2014, web site www.earthsight.org, 1 p.
Arctic methane, precursor to Permian extinction and possibly to an ‘Anthropocene event’ – the ‘wise wise man’?
2014, Australian Senate enquiry submission on climate policy No. 69, 10 pp; supplementary submission 2 pp.
Also on web site www.earthsight.org.
13. The Planet and Me’
Living in a perfect ‘people-world’
2014, web site www.earthsight.org, 1 p.
14. '5º + 5º = 10º GW and 20-30 years to human Permian’
promoting community awareness for abrupt irreversible climate change
2014 Renewable Energy Target Review submission on global warming and Arctic methane, 4 pp.
15. 'Arctic methane: a global warming emergency’
Methane timeline and responsible leadership
2014, web site www.earthsight.org, c. 2 pp.
16. 'Not just our grandchildren’
Responsibility and creativity facing futurecide in our lifetime
2015, submission to Climate change strategy for South Australia
available on web site www.earthsight.org, 1 p.
17. 'Nuclear Charades’
nuclear energy with false facts, nuclear winter with global warming
2015, Open letter to SA Nuclear Fuel Cycle Royal Commission
web site www.earthsight.org, 4 pp
18. 'Wasted Australia: say No to nuclear waste in Australia’
Protecting Australia and future generations by refusing an international high level nuclear waste dump
2016, campaign on GetUp (CommunityRun) web site
also on web site www.earthsight.org, 4 pp.
19. 'Nuclear Means Futurecide'
A nuclear South Australia: facts, responsibility, managing change, alternatives
2016, submission to SA Nuclear Fuel Cycle Royal Commission
available on web site www.earthsight.org, 30 pp.
© William Plain 1990-2016 (print) 2005 - 2016 (website)